centuries Archives: 18th Century

 

 

 

 

Eleanor Benson

 

To the Memory of Mrs. Eleanor Benson who departed this life the 22nd of May 1799 Aged 38 years.

Section -
ID -44



Birth -1761

Death - 1799

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] Died, Wife Of John

[2] Daughter Of John Married F. Sturman

[3] “the worthy consort of MR. John Benson”

Sources -

[1] Virginia Herald 24 Jun 1799 3×3

[2] Virginia Herald 26 Feb 1802 2×1

[3] Virginia Herald May 24, 1799 3×3


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

Charles Colson

 

Charles Colson Died the 17th May 1770 Aged 66.

Section -
ID -75



Birth -1704

Death - 1770

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] Web  shows he was born 1691 and died 1769 Births – Name: Charles Colston, Father: William Colston, Mother: Ann Gooch,
Birth Date: 17 Apr 1691, State: VA, Country: USA

[2]  Virginia County Records, SPOTSYLVANIA COUNTY 1721-1800, WILLS, WILL BOOK D 1761-1772, page 25
COLSON, CHARLES, Spotsylvania Co., d. Aug. 22, 1769, Executors Bond dated June 4, 1770. Wit. James Marye, P. Marye, James Marshall. Ex. nephew, Thomas Colson. Leg. brother, Thomas Colson, of Fredericksburg; my niece, the wife of George Hampton, ofFrederick Co; Charles Chester Colson Hampton, son of George and Mary Hampton; nephew, Thomas Colson of Spotsylvania Co. ?(Page 412)?.

[3] wife Rebecca Travers (I2641)
Birth 15 October 1692 — Richmond, Virginia, USA
Death 29 December 1727 (Age 35) — Richmond, Virginia, USA
Daughter – Mary Colson (I 1901)
Birth 1731 39 38 — Fredericksburg, Virginia, USA
Death before 2 September 1822 (Age 91) — Frederick, Virginia, USA

Sources -

[1] See  http://adkins9.net/individual.php?pid=I2640&ged=Adkins.GED

[2] Virginia County Records: Spotsylvania County 1721-1800. New York, NY, USA: Fox, Duffield, and Co., 1905.

[3] See  http://adkins9.net/individual.php?pid=I2640&ged=Adkins.GED


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

John Whitfield

 

“In memory of John Whitfield of Whitehaven who departed this life the 22nd of March 1766 in the 25th year of his Age.”

Section -
ID -61



Birth -1741

Death - 1766

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

No references found

Sources - N/A;

Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

Catherine Simons

 

Here lies the Body of Catherine the beloved wife of David Simons Who departed this life May 14th 1794  Aged 35 years.  Also her two children lies interred with her.

Section -
ID -58



Birth -1759

Death - 1794

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] Husband David Simons was a merchant selling candles in 1788-1799

[2] Store next door to Mrs. Lovell and Urquhart. Wold  West Indian Rum, brown sugar, molasses, green coffee, sack and loose salt, bard iron. “Cash or country produce”

[3] Stores in Fredericksburg and Madison County. Where before articles under David Simons, this is under “Simons and Jones.” Large assortment of fall and winter goods. Bar Iron suitable for wagon tires, German steel and cutting knives, nails, tea kettles, frying pans, smooth bore guns, dovetail saws, augers, steel saddle locks, chocolate, ladies fashionable hats, men and boys country made wool hats, pepper, all spice, brown  sugar by the barrel.

Sources -

[1] Virginia Herald 3 Jul 1788 , 14 Oct 1790 Formed  business as Simons and Jones by 17 Nov 1795
[2] Virginia Herald 11/8/1792 4×1
[3] Virginia Herald 11/17/1795 3×4


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

William Lewis

 

Here lies the body of William Lewis who departed this life January the 28th 1763 Aged 40 years. Also Ann his daughter died in 1755 Aged 15 Months and George his son died 1763 Aged 5 years.”

Section -
ID -39



Birth -1723

Death - 1763

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

William Lewis of Spotsylvania Co VA descends from the Lewis family of Abernant Bychan, Wales. Among the families they intermarried with were the Branhams, Colsons, Richards, and Herndons. [Herndon Family Page].

William Lewis of Fredericksburg VA was born 1723, probably in Essex Co VA. William married Sarah Branham b. c. 1724 Richmond Co VA in about 1745. Evidence for their marriage comes from Sarah’s will which was witnessed by her brother, Daniel Branham, and her brother-in-law, Benjamin Burbridge.

William and Sarah migrated to Spotsylvania Co VA in about 1746. William lived probably east of Fredericksburg toward the Caroline County boundary and leased lots 14 & 15 in town. (Note in the annotated map of Fredericksburg which is believed to have been completed c. 1740, Lot 14 belonged to J. Branham and Lot 15 belonged to R. Spotswood.) And, William was reportedly issued a tavern license from 1749 to 1755. Did William run a tavern or inn on these two lots in Fredericksburg?

William left a will in 1763, naming his children and is buried at St. George’s Episcopal Church, Fredericksburg VA.

  • Born 1723 Essex Co Virginia

  • 1728 Caroline Co split from Essex Co VA

  • Migrated c. 1736 with family to Spotsylvania Co VA

  • Married c. 1742 in Orange Co VA to Sarah Branham b. c. 1724 Richmond Co VA

  • 1749 – 1755 William Lewis Tavern License

  • 3/6/1749 Spotsylvania Co VA Probate Proceeding

Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800,
p. 58:

£50 William Lewis, admr. of John Lewis, decd, with Benjamin Davis, sec. Mch 6, 1749.

  • 6/8/1753 Spotsylvania Co VA Land Transaction

Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800,
p. 194:

June 8, 1753. John Tayloe of Richmond Co., Esqr., to William Lewis of Spts. Co. Deed of Lease. Lots 14 and 15, in the
town of Fredericksburg. £15 curr. yearly. Witnesses, Anthony Strother, Ralph McFarlane, Ann Farley. July 4, 1753.

  • 6/3/1755 Spotsylvania Co Road Orders

Spotsylvania County Minute Book, 1755-1765:

Thos. Burbridge appointed overseer of the road from Corbin’s bridge to the Rapa. Road above Edw. Herndon’s, his gang Viz. his own; Col.
Corbin’s qtr. where Fra. Cammock is overseer; Mathew Lewis;Wm. Lewis’s planta.; Nichs. Hawkins; John Gordon; Widow
Burbridge; Mr. John Smith’s qtr; & Wm. Ellis’s tithes. [MB p. 7]

  • 3/3/1756 Spotsylvania Co VA Land Transaction

Spotsylvania Co VA Bond Book B, p. 202:

Feby. 20, 1756. William Waller of Spts. Co. to William Lewis of Fredericksburg. Deed of Lease. House and lots in
Fredksbg. £15 curr. yearly. Jos. Brock, Wm. Carr, Wm. Wood. Mar. 3, 1756.

  • 6/1/1756 Spotsylvania Co VA Land Transaction

Spotsylvania Co VA Bond Book B, p. 202:

John Tayloe of Richmond Co., Esqr., releases to William Lewis of Fredksbg, Lots 14 and 15 in Fredksbg. £15 curr.
yearly. Dated, April 14, 1756. Fielding Lewis, Antho. Strother, Wm. Waller, Jos. Jones, Edwd. Pendleton. June 1, 1756.

  • 10/1756 Spotsylvania Co VA Probate Proceeding

WALLER, WILLIAM, Gentl. Spotsylvania Co., d. Oct. 22, 1756, p. May 6, 1760:

. . .son, John Waller, land in Spotsylvania, given to me by my deceased father’s will, John Waller, Gentl., also land adjoining that of
my brother Benjamin, and Zachary Lewis, also land which I bought of Ambrose Foster, and my lots of land adjoining the town of
Fredericksburg, now in the possession of my tenant William Lewis.

  • 11/1756 Caroline Co VA Records

Caroline Co VA Court Order Book, p. 234:

12 Nov. 1756: Case of John Mitchell Ag. William Carr, Gent. Ordered that John Mitchell pay William Lewis 289 lbs Tobo.
for 4 days attendance and coming and going 3 times 21 miles. . .Sarah Lewis201 lbs tobo. for 3 days attendance and
coming and going 3 times 33 miles as an evidence or him against Carr.

  • 12/7/1756 Spotsylvania Co VA Probate Proceeding

£100. William LEWIS, guard. to Elizabeth LONG, orph. of Samuel LONG, with Thomas HAYDON, sec. Dec. 7, 1756.

  • 8/2/1758 Spotsylvania Co VA Probate Proceeding

Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800
, p.60:



£300. James SPARKS, admr. of James SPARKS, decd., with William LEWIS and Bland BALLARD, sec. Aug. 2, 1758.

  • 11/3/1760 Spotsylvania Co VA Land Transaction

Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800,
p. 217:

Nov. 3, 1760. Anthony Strother of King George Co. Gent., and Mary, his wife, to William Lewis of Fredksbg. £300 curr.
Lots 35 & 36, in town of Fredksbg. Witnesses, William Smith, William Brock, Edward. Herndon. Nov. 4, 1760.

  • 11/6/1760 Spotsylvania Co VA Probate Proceeding


Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800:


£3000. Susannah CARR, guard. to Charles Brooks CARR, Agnes Brooks CARR, Walter Chiles CARR, Phebe CARR, Thos. CARR, orphs. of Wm. CARR,
gentl., with Anthony FOSTER, John HOLLODAY and Wm. LEWIS, sec. Nov. 6, 1760.

  • Died 1/28/1763 Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania Co VA

  • 7/4/1763 Will probated Spotsylvania Co VA

Spotsylvania County Will Book D
(1761-1772) page 61:

LEWIS, William
, Fredericksburg, d. Jan 17, 1763, p. July 4, 1763.

Ex. Wife, Sarah LEWIS; Charles YATES; Joseph BROCK; Edward HERNDON. Leg. son, James LEWIS, the lot which I purchased
from Anthony STROTHER; sons, John, William, Benjamin and George; wife, Sarah LEWIS.

Wit. [GEN] Hugh MERCER, Wm. KNOX, William HARTWELL.

  • 4/18/1771 Spotsylvania Co VA Land Transaction

Spotsylvania Co VA Deed Book G:

April 18, 1771. James Lewis and Elizabeth, his wife, of Spotsylvania Co, and Sarah Lewis, being the widow of William Lewis (the latter being mother and father of James) to Jacob Whitley of
Fredericksburg. Whereas Sarah Lewis is entitled to 1/3 part of two lots for life as a tenant in dower and the inheritance of sd 1/3
expectant on the death of sd Sarah by sd James as well as the other 2/3rds, James and Sarah have both agreed to sell lots 35, 36 in
Fredericksburg, purchased by sd William Lewis, father of sd James, of Anthony Strother. Wit: Joseph Brock, Robert Chew, John Herndon,,
Daniel Branham, and James Cunningham.

  • Sarah died after 10/28/1771 Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania Co VA

Spotsylvania County Records 1721-1800,
p. 27:


Lewis, Sarah,

Spotsylvania Co. d. Oct. 28, 1771.

Leg. daughter Elizabeth Richards; grandson James Lewis; granddaughter Sarah Richards, daughter Elizabeth Richards, grandchildren William and Sarah Richards, son and daughter of Winifred Richards.

Wit. Daniel Branham, Benjamin Burbridge.

  • Buried St. George’s Episcopal Church, Fredericksburg VA

Sources -

[1] Article on Lewis


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

Margaret Garts

 

Margaret Garts  Born Sept. 29th 1766  Died *** [1789]. * The death date is embedded in ground.  The Historical Sketch of 1892 gives [1789] as the date then appearing.  On either side of this tomb are stones, once lettered

Section -
ID -28



Birth -1766

Death - 1789

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] “truly amiable consort” of Mr. Peter Garts, merchant
[2] Peter was a lottery manager
[3] 4/1292. For purpose of enlarging buildings of Fredericksburg Academy $5,568.  Sell 7,118 tickets at $6=$42,708. Prizes $37,140. 95 prizes. Garts one of 12 trustees.

Sources -

[1] Virginia Herald 11/12/1789 3x 1 under Peggy Gards

[2] Virginia Herald 12 Apr 1792 1×1

[3] Virginia Herald 12 Apr 1792 1×1


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

John Coakley, Sr.

 

Section -
ID -26



Birth -1792

Death - 1795

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data - N/A;

Sources - N/A;

Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

James Duncanson

 

“Here lies The Body of James Duncanson. He was born in Scotland the 11th February 1735. Arrived in Virginia in July 1752. Died the 4th March 1791. ‘Weed his Grave clean ye Men of Goodness For he was your Brother.'”

Section -
ID -15



Birth -1735

Death - 1791

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] Col. James Duncanson came to VA from Forres, Moray, Scotland in the 1750’s. He emigrated to Fredericksburg to go into business with his brother, Robert.

[3]In 1756 he joined the Virginia Militia and served until 1761 under Washington. In 1758, he participated in the Forbes expedition to Fort Duqesne (Pittsburgh). He is our only French and Indian War veteran.

[1]James served in the Masonic Lodge and was treasurer from 1767-1771.

James married Mary “Molly” McAuley. James and Mary’s surviving children were, 1. James, Polly, Ann, Finella who married Charles Urquhart

He purchased several town parcels from 1762-1773 with one purchase in 1780 – Lot No. 29, life interest of sd. Ann Finnie in Lot 22, Lot No. 30, Lots 133 and 134, Lots 91 and 92, Lot 13, Lot 60, Lot 119, and finally Lot 21 in 1780.

[2] James Duncanson served in the Committees of Correspondence in 1774. “There was a great assemblage of citizens in the town house on Wednesday, June I, 1774, when Fielding Lewis, Charles Dick, Charles Mortimer, James Mercer, Charles Washington, William Woodford, James Duncanson, William Porter, George Thornton and Charles Yates were appointed a committee “to correspond with the neighboring towns and counties for the purpose of communicating to each other, in the most speedy manner their sentiments on this present interesting and alarming situation in America.” This was in sympathy to the citizens of Boston suffering from the Intolerable Acts. He participated in the Revolution, and was one of the wealthiest men in this part of Virginia.

Sources -

[1] Web page http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:James_Duncanson_(1)

[2] Web page http://www.librarypoint.org/fredericksburg_in_revolutionary_days_part_i

[3] Web page
http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:James_Duncanson_%282%29

[4] Virginia Herald 5/12/1791 Blair & Urquhart Settling Estate 12 May 1791


Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

Mary Duncanson

 

Here lies The Body of Mary the beloved Wife of James Duncanson. She was born the 3d Feb. 1748. Died the 10th October 1790.

Section -
ID -14



Birth -1748

Death - 1790

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data - N/A;

Sources - N/A;

Notes - N/A;

 

 

 

 

 

William Paul

 

WILLIAM PAUL 1774.
[The stone is enclosed in a granite stone on the back of which is inscribed:] Restored 23 September 1930 by Admirers of John Paul Jones Commodore U. S. N. By whom This stone was first set in place in memory of William his older Brother.

Section -
ID -13



Birth -1735

Death - 1774

Age -

Gender -

Profession- Unknown

Veteran- N/A

Data -

[1] William Paul was a son of a Scotch gardener on the estate of Lord Selkirk at Kircudlright, Scotland, and brother of John Paul Jones.  William Paul conducted a tailor shop in Fredericksburg.

Filed with the Executive Archives of the State of Virginia is an interesting letter from Judge Francis T. Brooke to General Lambert in which he mentions that William Paul was a Scotch tailor, and that he made clothes for him.  He also states that when William Paul died he saw John Paul Jones in the tailor shop when he went to get his clothes.  At the time he did not know that he was Paul Jones, but later on knew that it was him from his pictures.

William Paul made his will in 1772, leaving all of his property to his sister, Mary Young, and her two oldest children in Abigland, in the Parish of Kirkbeen, in Stewarty of Galloway, North Briton, and their heirs forever.  He died in 1773, and his executors, (as appointed by him) William Templeman and Isaac Heslop declined to serve, and it was not until November, 1774, that anything was done about the estate.  It is assumed that John Paul Jones arrived here then.

Records indicate that William Paul only owned property within the town of Fredericksburg.

[3] DURING THE DECADE in which John Paul Jones was making a career for himself at sea, his brother William prospered sufficiently to purchase from Thomas Blanton, a carpenter, a house and lot in Fredericksburg in June 1770. It stood on a substantial parcel at the corner of Caroline Street and Lafayette Boulevard (then called Prussia Street), with a lot frontage of approximately 90 feet. There, William lived and worked until his death.

The last four years of his life were trouble-ridden. He was in court more than once, presumably suing clients. About the time he acquired the house, he also acquired a wife, Fanny, and a stormy marriage it was.

In September, she departed from their new home, and he took an ad in the Virginia Gazette–published in Williamsburg and distributed throughout the colony–“forewarning all persons from trusting her and from harbouring or concealing her if they would avoid being prosecuted.”

Fanny, however, responded in October in the Gazette with a declaration, co-signed by 10 leading merchants in the town, that she had run up no debts. “Neither am I concealed,” she wrote, “but appear as usual, and I am resolved to recover what is legally due from William Paul.”

Then in November, William Paul filed a complaint against Edward Davis, his indentured servant, who had run away and been captured. (The court added another five years to his servitude.)

In the spring of 1772, William Paul evidently fell gravely ill. He executed a will assigning his estate to his sister in Scotland. He named two men associated with the Whitehaven community as his executors and had proper witnesses. He recovered, however, and the will was not filed.

The precise date and circumstances of William Paul’s death at the end of 1774 are not known, for there was some disarray in the official recording of his will.

Both executors now refused to serve. One of them was ordered to make an inventory, but this was never done, and neither would put up the required bond to be responsible for the modest estate.

Finally, after John Waller, the clerk of the court, committed to putting up the bond himself, Charles Yates stepped forward to accept the responsibility, perhaps as a compassionate gesture.

[2] There also lie interred in the burial ground of St. George’s church, with an unpretentious stone marking the place, the remains of William Paul, a merchant of the town and a native of Scotland, who died here in 1773. In 1770 he purchased from Thomas and Jane Blanton, “for one hundred and twenty pounds, an acre or one- half of the lot or land lying and, being in the town of Fredericksburg, and designated in the plot of said town by the number or figures 258, the same being one-half, or south end of said lot, and purchased by the said Thomas Blanton of Roger Dixon, Gent, and bound on the main street, called Caroline street, and the cross street, called Prussia, together with all houses, buildings, gardens, ways, profits, hereditraments and appurtenances whatever.” This lot is designated on the map of the town to-day as 258, and the house in which Wm. Paul conducted his mercantile business is the one occupied and owned at present by Matthew J. Gately.

Notwithstanding his biographers to the contrary, Wm. Paul made a will in 1772, in which he appointed his friends, Wm. Templeman and Isaac Heslop, his executors, which was witnessed by John Atkinson, Thomas Holmes and B. Johnston. The executors declined to serve and the estate remained until late in the next year without any one being legally authorized to take charge of it. In November, 1774, John Atkinson qualified, it is supposed at the instance of John Paul, who had arrived here to wind up the estate, with John Waller, Jr., as surety, who was afterwards released and Charles Yates became his surety.

This Wm. Paul was the brother of John Paul, who afterwards became the famous John Paul Jones. It has been asserted that Wm. Paul changed his name to Jones to inherit a plantation from Wm. Jones, either in Virginia or North Carolina. But this is shown to be a mistake from the fact that Wm. Paul, in 1770, bought property here as Wm. Paul, made his will in 1772 and signed it Wm. Paul, and died in 1773 and his tomb stone now bears on it the name of Wm. Paul. It was further asserted that in the agreement by which the plantation was to become the property of Wm. Paul, if Wm. Paul died without issue, the property was to go to John Paul on the condition that he would add Jones to his name, and that William did die without issue and the estate of William went to John. This is also a mistake. William did not die intestate, but made a will and gave his entire estate to his sister, Mary Young, and her two oldest children.

One clause of the will reads as follows : “It is my will and desire that my lots and houses in this town shall be sold and converted into money for as much as they will bring, that with all my other estate being sold, and what of my outstanding debts that can be collected, I give and bequeath to my beloved sister, Mary Young, and her two oldest children in Abigland, in the parish of Kirkbean, in Stewarty of Galloway, North Briton, and their heirs forever.” It is not believed that Wm. Paul owned any property out of town from the fact that the bond of his administrator was only five hundred pounds, which was generally double the amount of the estate. His estate in town consisted of his houses and lots, his merchandise and accounts due him, which must have been worth twelve or fifteen hundred dollars. Therefore the bond of $2,500 was sufficient only for his possessions in town, and no other is alluded to or mentioned in his will. It has been held that he owned property in the county of Spotsylvania, but that arises from the fact there were others by the name of Paul in the county who had property. But this William Paul is traced by the reference in his will to the parish of Kirkbean, Galloway, where his sister, Mary Young, and brother John lived.

“Why John Paul changed his name to Jones was probably known only to himself. Many writers have undertaken to explain it, but without success, and the mystery is yet unsolved. In 1775 John Paul Jones’s name heads a list of naval lieutenants, and, because of his meritorious services, he was soon appointed a captain, and finally rose to the rank of commodore. His daring exploits and unequal, but successful, contests soon won for him the thanks of the American Congress, as well as the gratitude of the American people, while it carried terror and dismay to the enemies of his country. He greatly humiliated England by landing his fleet on her shores during the Revolutionary war, a thing that had not been done before for centuries, if ever, since it was a nation.

At the close of the war, in which he had covered himself with glory, he was offered an important command by the Empress of Russia against the Turks in the Black sea, which he accepted with the stipulation “that he was never to renounce the title of an American citizen.” He died in Paris in 1792, and was buried in that city, aged forty-five years. General Washington, then President of the United States, had just commissioned him for an important duty, but he died before the commission reached him. As the many years rolled on, rounding up a century, his body laid in an unknown grave, notwithstanding many efforts were made to locate it. In 1900 a body was found believed to be his, and there was great rejoicing in this country over the announcement, but, when carefully examined, it was found to be the remains of another and not those of the great American commodore. But this did not discourage those who had the matter in hand, and the search continued under the direction of Gen. Horace Porter, the American Ambassador to the Court of France, under great difficulties. On the 7th of April, 1905, the body was found in a cemetery known as Saint Louis, which was laid out in 1720 for a burial place for Protestants, but which had been closed more than half a century, and buildings were constructed upon it at the time of the discovery of the body. The remains were declared to be those of John Paul Jones, after every test had been applied that could be, and they were accepted by our government as those of the great naval hero. Some time was spent in preparing to remove the remains to this country, but early in 1906 they were placed upon a United States man of war, escorted by vessels from England and France, and were landed at Annapolis, where they were reinterred in the presence of thousands of people from all parts of the country, with booming of cannon and every honor a grateful people could bestow upon him.

Sources -

[1[] http://archive.org/stream/intidewatervirgi00jett/intidewatervirgi00jett_djvu.txt
“In Tidewater Virginia”. Also http://files.usgwarchives.net/va/fredericksburg/cemeteries/stgeorgesch.txt
[2] Quinn’s history Fredericksburg
[3] Paula Felder  http://fredericksburg.com/News/FLS/2005/062005/06252005/109430


Notes -

1735 is an estimated birth date
http://www.jpj.demon.co.uk/jpjgeneal.htm#William%20Paul

 

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